The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) says that osteoarthritis is the primary cause of damage to the hip joint causing severe pain and disability. This condition may require hip replacement surgery.
Hip replacement surgery is also called arthroplasty. This involves the removal of the damaged or diseased portion of the hip replacing it with prosthetic parts. Over 332,000 patients undergo hip replacement surgery in the US annually.
But rapid advancement in the field of stem cell therapy is giving rise to new treatment possibilities. Stem cell therapy is evolving as a viable non-surgical substitute for hip and knee surgery for some candidates.
Orthopedic Institute of the West, led by dedicated board certified orthopedic surgeon Dr. Brandon Gough, provides hip and knee treatments to patients in Phoenix, Scottsdale, Arizona, and surrounding communities in the illustrious Grand Canyon State.
How does Stem Cell Therapy Work?
The body contains adult stem cells that can renew and recreate themselves into other cells (differentiate). Everyone has stem cells in various tissues which are ready to activate and repair damage as necessary. Aging or sustaining more significant injuries leads to a deficiency of sufficient cells at the site of the damage to completely repair the region.
Stem cell therapy addresses this issue as it involves the extraction of stem cells from a high volume area, and these cells are subsequently concentrated and re-injected into the damaged site to enable the body to heal naturally.
Stem cell therapy can be effective for various conditions. It is a preferred treatment for arthritis, injuries, and other conditions that may not resolve with Platelet Rich Plasma or Platelet Lysate procedures due to their severity.
The patient will have their blood drawn from a vein in their arm on the day of the stem cell therapy. This blood sample will go to the lab for processing along with a sample of their stem cell. After the patient is prepared for the initial step of their stem cell procedure, the doctor will completely numb the back of the hip and extract a tiny bone marrow sample using a needle.
This procedure is known as bone marrow aspirate. This is not the same as a bone marrow biopsy which can cause pain. However, patients often describe bone marrow aspiration as a comfortable process.
The patient will have some downtime to relax as their cells are being processed in the lab. In a brief period, they will be ready for the second part of the procedure which involves the surgeon re-injecting the stem cells and natural growth factors from the blood platelets through advanced imaging guidance in the treatment area.
The surgeon will use real-time fluoroscopy or musculoskeletal ultrasound and the patient’s MRI images for injection planning. This enables them to determine the precise location of the injection and the cell dispersion into the tissues. The objective is to deliver a far higher number of stem cells in the damaged area than the body is naturally capable of.
These treatments are usually recommended for patients with secondary to moderate osteoarthritis in the hip. There should not be a total collapse of the joint space and no “bone on bone” changes in the patient for them to be able to receive this therapy.
Devoted board certified orthopedic surgeon Dr. Brandon Gough receives patients from Phoenix, Scottsdale, Arizona, and other suburbs and cities in this region of central Arizona for hip and knee surgery as well as cutting edge non-surgical treatments.
For more information about hip and knee procedures and treatments by Arizona Board certified orthopaedic surgeon, Brandon Gough, M.D., please click here or call us at 623-873-8565. Taking new patients in and around Phoenix, Scottsdale, Glendale, Tempe, Mesa and surrounding Arizona cities.